Colleges offering the course
At an undergrad level, students can pursue a bachelor’s in Archaeology and Museology. Post this, they can also pursue Masters in Museology. Currently, colleges and universities such as Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Indira Kala Sangit Vishwavidyalaya in Chhattisgarh, Magadh University in Gaya, Maharaja Sayajirao University in Vadodara, National Museum Institute of History of Art Conservation and Museology, Delhi, Ravindra Bharati University, Kolkata and the University of Calcutta offer courses in Museology. Recently, BHU started a full-fledged department dedicated to Museology following the approval of President of India, Ram Nath Kovind and subsequent amendment in the BHU statutes.
You have successfully cast your vote
Speaking to Education Times, Ambika Patel, head, Department of Museology at Maharaja Sayajirao University, Vadodara, says, “Students pursuing a course on Museology are provided with holistic training to enable them to become trained museum professionals. The aim is to train the students to become an efficient museum curator. The course helps in understanding the cultural heritage of India and the management of maintaining the museum.”
NEP 2020 has a special mention of teaching subjects related to Arts and Culture. The course includes subjects such as Museum management, Documentation, Collection Management, Museum education, Museum administration, setting up exhibitions and Preservation and Conservation of the cultural heritage.
“There are varied museums, which may have historical, cultural or contemporary collections. Specialised museums like the textile museum, Army museum or Rail museums need a wide knowledge of the things displayed. One expects the museologist to know the background, history and the relevance of things on the display,” adds Patel.
As part of studying Museology, students are required to devote equal time to theoretical as well as practical learning. As part of the practical training, students get training in various museums and related organisations such as the National Gallery of Modern Art, regional museums under the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Film Archives of India in Pune, National Research Laboratory in Lucknow and Triveni Museum in Ujjain. “In addition to this, hands-on activities for Art Therapy and sessions on inclusive and accessibility issues of cultural institutions are also given to the students. In the last semester of the course, students are required to write a thesis,” informs Patel.
After completing the course, students can get a job as museum curators, museum educationists, collection managers and registrar of collection in various museums and can work as freelancers in the heritage sector and also conduct digital projects. “Some of our students are creating digital platforms for the museums to create an online library,” adds Patel.
Usha Tiwari, founder and head, department of Museology, BHU, says, “We have started a dedicated department of Museology to provide in-depth understanding of the subject to the students. As part of this course on Museology, we teach the students about the variety of museums that exist, miniature art and the distinction between tangible and intangible objects. We also teach the students to preserve intangible cultural heritage with tangible heritage.”